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Viajantes Anglófonos em Portugal - Séculos XVIII e XIX

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KINCAID, John
Adventures in the Rifle Brigade, in the Peninsula, France and the Netherlands, from 1809 to 1815

Inglaterra, 1830
Londres
Língua: Inglês

 Outras edições:  Londres, 1838, T. and W. Boone
Londres, 1847, T. & W. Boone
Manchester / Londres, 1892, W.H. White & Co.

 Edição 
Local de edição:Londres
Nome do editor:T. and W. Boone
Notas:Há edições de 1838, 1907, 1909, 1911, 1929, 1981 e 1998.

- A realização deste trabalho foi efectuado a partir da edição de 1892, a 4ª.

EDIÇÕES

As diversas edições diferem nos seguintes aspectos:
- título;
- distribuição dos capítulos;
- apresentação gráfica;
- inserção de gravuras e opiniões de críticos de jornais da época.
 Notas e informações 
Obras_criticas: OBRA (CRÍTICA)

Opiniões críticas sobre o livro:
- 'New Monthly Magazine': "The present volume is to the full as pleasant, and, what is still more strange,
as original as the last (...)";
- 'News': "Those who have read 'Captain Kincaid's Adventures in the Rifle Brigade' will seize this
volume with avity...";
- 'United Service Gazette': "These very grafic and piquant sketches are from the pen of the author of
'Adventures in the Rifle Brigade', one of the pleasantest books of its class with which we are
acquainted. The success of Capt. Kincaid's first attempt has led to the publication of the present
volume (...)".
 Referência 
Cota:H.G. 31551 P. FOT. 27 A
 Autor 
Autor:KINCAID, John
Elementos identificação:Sir / Captain

 Notas gerais 

Há também do mesmo autor "Random shots from a rifleman". By J. Kincaid, late captain in, and author of "Adventures in the Rifle Brigade". Second edition. London, 1835. Second edition. London, T. and W. Boone, 1847. Outra edição 1998.

DEDICATÓRIA

To Major-General Sir Andrew Barnard, K.C.B.

Colonel of the first battalion Rifle Brigade, and its leader during a long and brilliant period of its history, this volume is respectfully inscribed by his very obedient and very obliged humble servant,

J. Kincaid

PREFÁCIO

Advertisement

In tracing the following scenes I have chiefly drawn on the reminiscences of my military life, and endeavoured faithfully to convey to the mind of the reader the impression which they made on my own at the time of their occurrence. Should any errors, as to dates or trifling circumstances, have inadvertently crept into my narrative, I hope they will be ascribed to want of memory, rather than to any wilful intention to mislead. I am aware that some objections may be taken to my style: for

'Rude am I in my speech,
And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace:
For, since these arms of mine had seven year's pith,
Till now, some nine moons wasted, they have us'd
Their dearest action in the tented field:
And little of this world can I speak,
More than pertains to feats of broil and battle;
And therefore little shall I grace my cause
In speaking for myself; yet, by your gracious patience,
I will a round unvarnished tale deliver.'



DIVISÃO DA OBRA

* Chapter I
Joined the Rifles - Walcheren Expedition - A young Soldier - A Marine View - Campaign in South Beeveland - Retreat to Scotland ........................................................................................................... p. 1

* Chapter II
Rejoin the Regiment - Embark for the Peninsula - Arrival in the tagus - The City of Lisbon, with its Contents - Sail for Figuera - Landing extraordinary - Billet ditto - The City of Coimbra - A hard Case - A cold Case, in which a favourite Scotch Dance is introduced - Climate - The Duke of Wellington ........ p. 1

* Chapter III
Other People, Myself, and my Regiment - Retreat to the Lines of Torres Vedras - Leave Coimbra, followed by a select group of Natives - Ford the Streets of Condacia in good spirits - A Provost-Marshal and his favourites - A Fall - Convent of Batalha - Turned out of Allenquer - Passed through Sobral - Turned into Arruda - Quartering of the Light Division, and their Quarters at Arruda - Burial of an only Child - Lines of Torres Vedras - Difference of opinion between Massena and Myself - Military Customs ................................................................................................................................................................ p. 3

* Chapter IV
Campaign of 1811 opens - Massena's Retreat - Wretched Condition of the Inhabitants on the Line of March - Affairs with the Enemy, near Pombal - Description of a Bivouac - Action near Redinha - Destruction of Condacia and Action near it - Burning of the Village of Illama, and Misery of its Inhabitants - Action at Foz D'Aronce - Confidential Servants with Donkey-Assistants ....................... p. 6

* Chapter V
Passage of the Mondego - Swearing to a large Amount - Two Prisoners, with their Two Views - Two Nuns, Two Pieces of Dough, and Two Kisses - A Halt - Affair near Frexedas - Arrival near Guarda - Murder - A stray Sentry - Battle of Sabugal - Spanish and Portuguese Frontiers - Blockade of Almeida - Battle-like - Current Value of Lord Wellington's Nose - Battle of Fuentes d'Onor - The Day after the Battle - A grave Remark - The Padre's House - Retreat of the Enemy ............................................... p. 10

* Chapter VI
March to Estremadura - At Soito, growing Accommodations for Man and Beast - British Taste displayed by Portuguese Wolves - False Alarm - Luxuries of Roquingo Camp - A Chaplain of the Forces - Return towards the North - Quarters near Castello de Vide - Blockade of Ciudad Rodrigo - Village of Atalya; Fleas abundant; Food scarce - Advance of the French Army - Affairs near Guinaldo - Our Minister adminstered to - An unexpected Visit from our General and his Followers - End of the Campaign of 1811 - Winter Quarters ....................................................................................................................... p. 13

* Chapter VII
Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo - The Garrison of an Outwork relieved - Spending an Evening abroad - A Musical Study - An Addition to Soup - A short Cut - Storming of the Town - A sweeping Clause - Advantages of leading a Storming Party - Looking for a Customer - Disadvantages of being a stormed Party - Confusion of all Parties - A waking dream - Death of General Crawford - Accident - Deaths .............................................................................................................................................................. p. 16

* Chapter VIII
March to Estremadura - A Deserter shot - Riding for an Appetite - Effect the cure of a Sick Lady - Siege of Badajos - Trench-work - Varieties during the Siege - Taste of the Times - Storming of the Town - Its Fall - Officers of a French Battalion - Not shot by Accident - Military Shopkeepers - Lost Legs and cold Hearts - Affecting Anecdote - My Servant - A Consignment to Satan - March again for the North - Sir Sidney Backwith ................................................................................................................................. p. 19

* Chapter IX
A Farewell Address to Portalegre - History of a Night in Castello Branco - Regimental Colours lost, with Directions where to find them - Cases in which a Victory is sometimes won by those who lost it - Advance to Salamanca - The City - The British Position on St. Christoval - Affair in Position - Marmont's Change of Position and Retreat - A Case of Bad Luck - Advance to Rueda, and Customs there - Retire to Castrejon - Affairs on the 18th and 19th of July - Battle of Salamanca, and Defeat of the Enemy .............................................................................................................................................................. p. 22

* Chapter X
Distinguished Characters - A Charge of Dragoons - A Charge against the Nature of Things - Olmeda and the French General, Ferez - Advance towards Madrid - Adventures of my Dinner - The Town of Segovia - El Palacio del Rio Frio - The Escurial - Enter Madrid - Rejoicings - Nearly happy - Change of a Horse - Change of Quarters - A Change confounded - Retire towards Salamanca - Boar-Hunt, Dinner-Hunt, and Bull Hunt - A Portuguese Funeral conducted by Rifle Undertakers .................................... p. 26

* Chapter XI
Reach Salamanca - Retreat from it - Pig Hunting, an Enemy to Sleep-Hunting - Putting one's Foot in it - Affair on the 17th of November - Bad Legs sometimes last longer than good ones - A Wet Berth - Prospectus of a Day's Work - A lost 'déjeuné' better than a found one - Advantages not taken - A disagreeable Amusement - End of the Campaign of 1812 - Winter Quarters - Ordersand Disorders treated - Farewell Opinion of Ancient Allies - My House .................................................................... p. 28

* Chapter XII
A Review - Assembly of the Army - March to Salamanca - To Aldea Nueva - To Toro - An Affair of the Hussar Brigade - To Palencia - To the Neighbourhood of Burgos - To the Banks of the Ebro - Fruitful sleeping-place - To Medina - A Dance before it was due - Smell the Foe - Affair at St. Milan - A Physical River .................................................................................................................................................... p. 31

* Chapter XIII
Battle of Vittoria - Defeat of the Enemy - Confusion among their Followers - Plunder - Colonel Cameron - Pursuit, and the Capture of their Last Gun - Arrive near Pampeluna - At Villalba - An Irish method of making a uscless Bed useful .............................................................................................................. p. 33

* Chapter XIV
March to intercept Clausel - Tafalla - Olite - The dark End of a Night March to Casada - Clausel's Escape - Sanguessa - My tent struck - Return ro Villalba - Weighty Considerations on Females - St. Esteban - A Severe Dance - Position at Bera - Soult's Advance, and Battle of the Pyrenees - His Defeat and subsequent Actions - A Morning's Ride ....................................................................................... p. 36

* Chapter XV
An Anniversary Dinner - Affair with the Enemy, and Fall of St. Sebastian - A Building Speculation - A Fighting one, storming the Heights of Bera - A Picture of France from the Pyrenees - Returns after an Action - Sold by my Pay-Sergeant - A Recruit born at his Post - Between Two Fires, a Sea and a Land one - Position of La Rhune - My Picture taken in a Storm - Refreshing invention for wintry Weather .............................................................................................................................................................. p. 38

* Chapter XVI
Battle of the Nivelle, and Defeat of the Enemy - A Bird of Evil Omen - Chateau d'Arcangues - Prudence - An Enemy's Gratitude - Passage of the Nive, and Battles near Bayonne, from 9th to 13th December .............................................................................................................................................................. p. 41

* Chapter XVII
Change of Quarters - Change of Diet - Sutlers - Our new Quarter - A long-going Horse gone - New Clothing - Adam's lineal Descendants - St. Palais - Action at Tarbes - Faubourg of Toulouse - The Green Man - Passage of the Garonne - Battle of Toulouse - Peace - Castle Sarrazin - A Tender Point ...... p. 43

* Chapter XVIII
Commencement of the War of 1815 - Embark for Rotterdam - Ship's Stock - Ship struck - A Pilot, a Smuggler and a Lawyer - A Boat without stock - Join the Regiment at Brussels .............................. p. 46

* Chapter XIX
Relative Situation of the Troops - March from Brussels - The Prince and the Beggar - Battle of Quatre Bras ..................................................................................................................................................... p. 47

* Chapter XX
Battle of Waterloo, 18th June 1815 - 'A Horse! a Horse!' - Breakfast - Position - Disposition - Meeting of 'particular' Friends - Dish of Powder and Ball - Fricassee of Swords - End of First Course - Pounding - Brewing - Peppering - Cutting and Maiming - Fury - Tantalising - Charging - Cheering - Chasing - Opinionising - Anecdotes - The End .................................................................................................... p. 50


NOTAS SOBRE A OBRA

* Cap. III, p. 3
- Diz que qualquer pessoa pode escrever um livro, mas como este livro foi escrito por ele, sem ter recorrido a uma história já inventada, só irá mencionar o seu regimento, de que se mostra extremamente orgulhoso;
- Adverte já os leitores que esperariam ver neste livro os seus nomes, que isso não irá acontecer; só incluirá os nomes do regimento n.º 43 e 52, os nomes daqueles que mais se distinguiam no combate: "wherever we were, they were; (...) nor were we ever disappointed, there never was a corps of riflemen in the hands of such supporters!"

* Cap. IV, p. 8
- "I shall limit all my descriptions to such events as immediately concerned the important personage most interested in this story"; não lhe interessa o que cada regimento fez, nem o que cada pessoa fez, e muito menos a descrição de todas as batalhas, que acabam sempre do mesmo modo.

 Palavras-chave 

Agricultura
Fruta; Cereais; Generalidades; Milho da Índia;

Alimentação
Generalidades; do exército; Café; Limonada;

Alojamento
Generalidades; “Bivouac”; Casa de Elvas; Celeiro; Curral;

Arte e Monumentos
Basílica da Estrela; Castelo; Igreja de Arruda; Mosteiro da Batalha;

Ciência
Telescópios;

Classes Sociais
Camponeses; Criados; Frades; Freiras; Marginais; Nobreza;

Clima
Generalidades;

Conclusões


Costumes
Cartas;

Criminalidade
Generalidades;

Espanhóis
Generalidades;

Fauna
Bois; Burros; Cães; Cavalos; Cobra; Escorpião; Gafanhotos; Lagarto; Lobos; Mulas; Pulgas; Rouxinol; Sanguessugas; Touro;

Flora
Amoreira; Castanheiros;

Forças Armadas
“Aide-de-camp”; Código de comportamento; Exército inglês; Exército português;

Fortificações
Generalidades;

Franceses
Generalidades; General Loison;

Geografia
Rio Ceixa; Rio Coa; Rio Douro; Rio Guadiana; Rio Maior; Rio Mondego; Rio Tejo;

Guerras Napoleónicas
Atrocidades cometidas pelo exército francês; Atrocidades cometidas pelo exército inglês; Batalha do Buçaco; Batalha do Sabugal; Campanha de 1811; Campanha de 1812; Cerco de Badajoz; Cerco de Ciudad Rodrigo; Franceses; General Junot; Linhas de Torres Vedras; Relações entre o exército inglês e o exército francês; Wellington; Marmont; Marshal Beresford; Massena;

Habitação
Casas da aldeia (portuguesas); Casas da aldeia (espanholas); Casas particulares; Generalidades; Quintas;

História de Portugal - Personagens
D. João I;

Ingleses
Sir Sidney Beckwith; Sir Alexander Campbell; Duke of Richmond, Sir Corin Campbell; Capelão do exército; Captain Jenkinson; Captain Mitchell; Colonel Barnard; Colonel Cameron; Colonel Colborne; Lord Combermere; Sir David Dundas; Sir William Erskine; General Alten; General Bock; Sir Thomas Graham; Generalidades; Mr. Johnston; Major – General Robert Crawford; Major – General Sir James Kempt; Major – General Vandeleur; Sir George Murray; Major Napier; Marshal Ney; Sir Edward Pakenham; Sir Thomas Picton; Mr. Simmons; Lord Fitzroy Somerset; Mr. Stewart;

Itinerário


Jardins
Generalidades;

Justiça
Lei marcial;

Lisboa
Generalidades; Lisboetas; Lixo em Lisboa; Locais mencionados; Ruas (e praças) de Lisboa;

Meios de transporte
Barcos; Generalidades;

Mulheres
Generalidades; Mulheres da Figueira da Foz; de Elvas; de Leiria; Penteados;

Música
Órgão; Piano;

Obras mencionadas pelo autor
Livros mencionados pelo autor;

Paisagem
Moinhos de vento; Generalidades; Pontes; Rio Douro; Santarém;

População
Castelo Branco; Coimbra; Lisboa; Generalidades; Portalegre;

Portugueses
Fronteira Luso-espanhola; Generalidades; Relações entre portugueses e ingleses;

Povoações
Alenquer; Alverca; Arredores da Serra da Estrela; Arredores de Arruda; Arruda; Elvas; Castelo Branco; Castelo de Vide; Coimbra; Condeixa; Figueira da Foz; Frexedas «Freixedas»; "Illama"; Lamego; Leiria; Pombal; Portalegre; “Pyrnes” = Pernes; Santarém; Sobral; Soito (aldeia);

Profissões
Boticário; Cortador;

Religião
Generalidades;

Saúde
Generalidades;

Termos não traduzidos


Vestuário
Generalidades;

Vinicultura
Generalidades;

 

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