VAP

Viajantes Anglófonos em Portugal - Séculos XVIII e XIX

Visualização de registo

< Voltar ao resultado | Nova pesquisa >

SOUTHEY, Robert
Letters in Spain and Portugal

written during a short residence with some account of Spanish and Portugueze poetry
Inglaterra, 1797
Bristol
Língua: Inglês

 Outras edições:  Londres, 1799, T. N. Longamn and O. Rees
Londres, 1808, Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme

 Edição 
Local de edição:Bristol
Nome do editor:Joseph Cottle, C. G., J. Robinson, Cadell and Davis
Notas:Houve uma 2ª edição de 1799 do mesmo editor com alterações e sem o "account" e uma 3ª de Londres, Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, de 1808, novamente alterada.


ALTERAÇÕES AOS "CONTENTS"

* Letter II
Nas 2ª e 3ª edições desaparece a expressão: "... miscellaneous remarks".

* Letter III
- "Tale from the Silva Curiosa Epitaph..." - mantém-se na 2ª ed., mas não surge na 3ª.
- "Coruna", (na 1ª ed.), passa para "Coruña" nas 2ª e 3ª edições.

* Letter IV
"Lugo - Bishop's palace - Ignorance of the Spanish clergy - Observations on the practice of confession - Biography." - mantém-se na 2ª ed., mas na 3ª surge assim: "Lugo - Roman Baths - Bishop's Palace ___".

* Letter V
- "Men degenerated", "Spanish system of universal fraternity...", "Bee-hives" são eliminados nas 2ª e 3ª edições.
- "Villa Franca", igual na 2ª ed., mas na 3ª aparece: "Villafranca".

* Letter VI
- "... Superstition..." é eliminada nas 2ª e 3ª edições, surgindo na 3ª um acrescento: "... The Bierzo".
- "Carcabalos" passa para "Carcabelos" nas eds. seguintes.

* Letter VII
- "Christmas dinner prorogued - Castle there..." - é eliminada nas 2ª e 3ª eds.
- "Baneza" passa para "Bãneza" nas restantes eds.

* Letter VIII
- "... Inscriptions..." - é retirada das eds. seguintes.
- "... Embargo explained" também.

* Letter IX
"Essay on the Poetry of Spain and Portugal" e "Analyses of La Hermosura de Angelica" não aparecem nas 2ª e 3ª eds.

* Letter X
- Na 3ª ed. passa para LETTER XI.
- Ainda na 3ª ed., a exp. "Sto. Isidro", incluída na Letter X, não surge nas duas primeiras eds.

* Letter XI
- Na 2ª ed. é acrescentado "...Naval Carnero...", que se mantém na 3ª, mas incluído na Letter XII.
- "Reyna", que se mantém na 2ª ed., aparece "Reyne" na 3ª, novamente incluída na Letter XII.

* Letter XII
- "Forest of the Escurial Friars - Royal Travelling - Almaraz - Puente de Almaraz - Jarayzejo - Truxillo - Propriety of public inscriptions - Epitaph on Charles V - Tale of a Spanish Ærostator" - mantém-se na 2ª ed., mas na 3ª houve um corte entre ... "Truxillo" / e / "Tale", incluídos na Letter XIII.
- "Almaraz" passa para "Almarez" na 2ª ed., e para idêntica forma na 3ª, mas incluída na Letter XIII.
- "Jarayzejo" só altera na 3ª ed.: "Xaraizejo", ainda incluído na Letter XIII.

* Letter XIII
Não contém alterações, apesar de na 3ª ed. surgir como Letter XIV.

* Letter XIV
- "... System of Helvetius..." - é retirada das eds. seguintes (na 3ª é incluída na Letter XV).
- "Arroyolos" só altera na 3ª ed. (Letter XV), passando para "Arrayolos".
- "Ventas Silveyras" passa para "Venda de Silveyras" na 3ª ed., Letter XV.
- "Ventas Novas" passa para "Vendas Novas", 3ª ed., Letter XV.

* Letter XV
Sem alterações, aparecendo na 3ª ed. como Letter XVI.

* Letter XVI
"Reflections on the monastic life - Story of an English captain - Institutions somewhat familiar to nunneries wanted in England".
- Na 2ª ed., é suprimido tudo o que vem a seguir a "Captain".
- Na 3ª ed. não existe a Letter XVI.

* Letter XVII
- "... History of the present was as relating to Portugal".
- Igual na 2ª ed., suprimido na 3ª.
- "Excellencies" passa para "Excellences" na 3ª ed.

* Letter XVIII
"Adventure of Rodrigo in the enchanted tower - Sermon on the expulsion of the Moriscoes" - mantém-se na 2ª ed. incluído na Letter XIX e é suprimido o que vem a seguir a "tower" na 3ª ed., incluído na Letter XX.

* Letter XIX
Sem alterações. Na 2ª ed. é a Letter XX, na 3ª a Letter XXI.

* Letter XX
"Madrigals - Catharine of Portugal - Account of Carlos Reduzido". Na 2ª ed. falta a Letter XXI, e na 3ª não existe.

* Letter XXI
- "Assidant of a stone falling from the air - Want of lamps - Beggars - Provisions - Vermin - Superstition - Anecdotes - Snow" - idêntico na 2ª ed., mas incluído na Letter XVIII. Na 3ª ed., e incluído na mesma Letter, dão-se as seguintes alterações: "= Air. Remarkable phenomenon of this kind in Spanish History".
- E ainda se dá a inclusão da Letter XIX: "Want of lamps - Beggars - Provisions - Vermir - Superstition - Anecdotes - Snow".

* Letter XXII
Rigorosamente igual nas três edições.

* Letter XXIII
- pp. 373-387 (Lit. espanhola), ausente das duas eds. seguintes.

* Letter XXIV
- "... Church robberies..." - não aparece na 3ª ed.
- MEMORIAL OF THE STATE OF PORTUGAL surge incluído no appendix, p. 407, da 2ª ed., e no appendix, p. 235, da 3ª.

* Letter XXV
- "Setuval" passa para "Setubal" na 3ª ed.
- "Catherine" passa para "Catharine" na 2ª ed., mantendo-se na 3ª.

* Letter XXVI
Não há na 3ª ed.

* Letter XXVII
Na 3ª ed. surge como Letter XXVI.

* Letter XXVIII
Na 3ª ed. surge como Letter XVII.

* Letter XXIX
Na 3ª ed. surge como Letter XXVIII.

* Letter XXX
Na 3ª ed. surge como Letter XXIX.

Na 2ª ed. aparece um "Account of the Royal College of Surgery at Madrid" que não surge na 3ª ed., apesar de figurar no índice.


ALTERAÇÕES AO PREFÁCIO

1. 2ª Edição:
* p. V - "the book is written with scrupulous [...] plain truth".
* p. V - Foi retirado o extracto: "My poetical imitations [...] with it".

2. 3ª Edição (idêntica à 2ª).


TABELA DAS DISTÂNCIAS

- É igual nas 2ª e 3ª edições, mas na 3ª só aparece no fim do 2º volume.
Local de impressão:Londres
Nome do impressor:Bulgin and Rosser
 Notas e informações 
Obras_criticas: OPINIÕES CRÍTICAS SOBRE A OBRA

"[...] we have accompanied him (Southey) with considerable satisfaction in his tour, though he is only one of many who lately made the same countries the subject of their publications".

in "The British Critic". London, printed for F. and C. Rivington, vol. XI (for
January, February, March, April, May and June), MDCCXCVIII [1798], p. 362.

"Mr. Southey's 'Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal' contain interesting information relative to the present condition of those countries, and the manners of the inhabitants, peculiarly useful for travellers the same way [....]".

in "The New Annual Register for the year 1797". London, printed for G. G. and J.
Robinson, vol. XVIII, MDCCXCVIII [1798], p. 276.

"His [Southey's] manner of writing is lively and entertaining: and though the volume before us must yield, in point of information, to the fuller accounts given us of these countries by travellers who have resided in them longer and seem more; it bears everywhere the marks of a sensible and acute mind, alive to the best interests of mankind; and the author's taste and love of literature love given it a variety not always found in works of this nature".

in "The Critical Review", new series. London, printed for A. Hamilton,
vol. XX, 1797, p. 378.

"What, however, will recommend this volume more particularly to English readers, is the able and satisfactory information which is given respecting Spanish and Portuguese poetry. In his view of this subject, the author has not confined himself to general criticism, don't has enlivened and enriched his account by translations from different parts of the most approved ports of those countries, accompanying them in every instance with the original."

in "The British Critic". London, printed for F. and C. Rivington, vol. XI (for
January, February, March, April, May and June), MDCCXLVII [1798], p. 365.

"They [Letters] breathe throughout a liberal manly spirit, and expose, in proper terms of detestation and disgust, the complicated evils of despotism and superstition, which spread want and wretchedness over some of the most charming and fertile scenes in Europe."

in "The New Annual Register for the year 1797". London, printed for G. G. and
J. Robinson, vol. XVIII, MDDCXCVIII [1798], p. 276.

"[...] his [Southey's] descriptions are often so beautiful, as to present to the imagination a strong and vivid representation of the grand and the romantic scenery with which those highly favoured countries abound."

in "The British Critic". London, printed for F. and C. Rivington, vol. XI
(for January, February, March, April, May and June), MDCCXCVIII [1798], p. 362.
 Referência 
Cota:L. 14299 V. / D.S. XVIII - 516
 Autor 
Autor:SOUTHEY, Robert
Datas autor:1774-1843

 Notas gerais 

CONTENTS

* Letter I
Voyage to Coruna - Appearance of the Galician Coast - Custom-house - Accommodations - Carts at Coruna. ................................................................................................................................................. p. 1

* Letter II
Theatre - Dress - Maragatos - Jealousy of the Government - Walk among the Mountains - Monumental Crosses - Tower of Hercules - Miscellaneous Remarks. ..................................................................... p. 9

* Letter III
Tale from the Silva Curiosa - Epitaph - Departure from Coruna - Road to Betanzos - Travelling accommodations - Scenery of Galicia - Griteru - Bamonde. ............................................................... p. 24

* Letter IV
Lugo - Bishop's palace - Ignorance of the Spanish Clergy - Observations on the practice of conselhon - Biography. ......................................................................................................................................... p. 41

* Letter V
Men degenerated - St. Juan de Corbo - Marillas - Puente del Corzul - Lugares - Familiarity of the Spanish poor - Spanish system of universal fraternity - Castro - Bee-hives - Road to Villa Franca - Palace of the Duke of Alva - Melancholy history of a widow. .................................................................................. p. 52

* Letter VI
Carcabalos - Ponserrada - Manners of the Muleteers - Travelling accidents - Hospitality of the Barber at St. Miguel de las Duenas - His library - Superstition - Christmas day - Manzanar. ............................. p. 65

* Letter VII
Situation of Gil Blas' cavern - Astorga - Christmas dinner prorogued - Castle there - Baneza - Puente de Bisana - Benevente - Castle of the Duke of Ossuna. ......................................................................... p. 79

* Letter VIII
Road to Tordesillas - Juan de Padilla - Medina del Campo - Inscriptions - Arebalo - Embargo explained - Funda San Rafael - Guadarama - Approach to Madrid. ...................................................................... p. 92

* Letter IX
Madrid - Miscellaneous observations - Royal Recreations. .............................................................. p. 108
Essay on the Poetry of Spain and Portugal. ...................................................................................... p. 121
Analysis of La Hermosura de Angelica. .......................................................................................... p. 131

* Letter X
Queen of Spain - Museum - Fiesta de Novillos - Progress of French principles. ............................. p. 167

* Letter XI
Departure from Madrid - Talaveyra de la Reyna - Road to Naval Moral. ........................................... p. 185

* Letter XII
Forest of the Escurial Friars - Royal travelling - Almaraz - Puente de Almaraz - Jarayzejo - Truxillo - Propriety of public inscriptions - Epitaph on Charles V - Tale of a Spanish Ærostator. ................... p. 200

* Letter XIII
Santa Cruz - Depopulation of the Province of Estremadura - Miajadas - Merida - Talaveruela - Badajos - Royal tent of Portugal - Elvas. ........................................................................................................... p. 229

* Letter XIV
Estremos - Arroyolos - Montemor - System of Helvetius - Travelling misfortunes - Ventas Silveyras - Ventas Novas - A Romeria - Aldea Gallega - Arrival at Lisbon. ....................................................... p. 245

* Letter XV
Earthquake - Observations on the City - Meeting of the two Courts. ............................................... p. 260

* Letter XVI
Reflections on the Monastic life - Story of an English Captain - Institutions somewhat similar to Nunneries wanted in England. ............................................................................................................................ p. 271

* Letter XVII
Portugueze account of the antiquity, climate, population, and people of Portugal - The nine excellencies of the Portugueze language - National enmity and characteristic differences - History of the present war as relating to Portugal. ....................................................................................................................... p. 280

* Letter XVIII
Adventure of Rodrigo in the enchanted tower - Sermon on the expulsion of the Moriscoes. ........ p. 292

* Letter XIX
Jews - List of Penitents at the last Auto da Fe. ................................................................................ p. 311

* Letter XX
Madrigals - Catharine of Portugal. ..................................................................................................... p. 326
Account of Carlos Reduzido. ............................................................................................................ p. 331

* Letter XXI
Affidavit of a stone falling from the air - Want of lamps - Beggars - Provisions - Vermin - Superstition - Anecdotes - Snow. ........................................................................................................................... p. 355

* Letter XXII
Mode of butchering cattle - Anecdote from Berchtold - Leopold Berchtold - Radji. .......................... p. 365

* Letter XXIII
Barbary corn - Almada Hill - Moorish part of Lisbon - Lent processions. ......................................... p. 373

* Letter XXIV
Robberies - Church robberies - New Convent - St. Anthony - Pombal - Duke of Aveiro - Ajuda - Palace - Patriarchal Church - Watermen - Museum - Menagerie. ................................................................... p. 392

MEMORIAL ON THE STATE OF PORTUGAL ...................................................................................... p. 408

* Letter XXV
Road to Setuval - Arrabida Convent; its origin and situation - Cavern os St. Catherine - Convent of Brancanaz. ........................................................................................................................................ p. 464

* Letter XXVI
Pastoral romances - Portugueze Epic Writers - Translations from the English - Medical ignorance - Music of the Siege of Gibraltar - Opera - Latin writers. .............................................................................. p. 480

* Letter XXVII
Good Friday - Easter Sunday - Emperor of the Holy Ghost - English Nuns - Monastic anecdotes. ............................................................................................................................................................ p. 497

* Letter XXVIII
Cintra - Inscriptions on the rock - Palace - Penha Verde - Cork Convent. ........................................ p. 509

* Letter XXIX
Poem on Cintra - Sebastianists - Fishing boats - Police - Executions - Funerals - Purgatory - English burying-ground - Sepulchral inscriptions. ......................................................................................... p. 518

* Letter XXX
Husband of Madame Tallien - Talassi - Prince of Brazil - Dislike of French principles; of English influence. ........................................................................................................................................... p. 537


INDEX TO THE POETRY

* Foi também incluído na 2ª ed. (com algumas diferenças), tendo sido suprimido na 3ª.

Retrospective Musings ........................................................................................................................ p. xvii
Epitaph on an Astrologer, from the Spanish ...................................................................................... p. 27
Lines written on Monte Salgueiro ........................................................................................................ p. 35
The Musical Ass, by Yriarte ................................................................................................................ p. 48
Sonnet ................................................................................................................................................. p. 57
Lines upon the Widow of Villa Franca ................................................................................................ p. 63
Lines upon Christmas Day .................................................................................................................. p. 76
To a Lock of Hair, by George of Montemayor .................................................................................... p. 87
Inscription for a Monument, where Juan de Padilla suffered death .................................................... p. 95
Sonnet by Lope de Veja .................................................................................................................... p. 120
Extracts from "The Beauty of Angelica", by Lope de Veja ....................................... p. 135, 138, 141, 147
Epigram on the Real Preference, by Luis de Leon ............................................................................ p. 179
Sonnet on the Real Presence, by Luis de Leon ................................................................................ p. 181
Extempore lines on quitting the Inquisition, by Luis de Leon ............................................................. p. 184
To Zephyrus, by Esteban Manuel de Villegas ................................................................................... p. 197
Dialogue between an Athenian Philosopher and a Christian Theologian, by Alonso de Ledesma ... p. 215
Inscription for a Column at Truxillo .................................................................................................... p. 225
Sonnet, by Bartolome Leonardo ........................................................................................................ p. 231
Ode .................................................................................................................................................... p. 248
Inscription for a Bust of Danton, imitated from Gongora ................................................................... p. 270
Ode from Luis de Leon ...................................................................................................................... p. 296
Madrigal from Quevedo ..................................................................................................................... p. 326
Madrigal to St. Stephen, from Jeronymo Bahia ................................................................................. p. 328
Extracts from Carlos Reduzido ................................................................................. p. 333, 336, 340, 343
To a Stream from Villegas ................................................................................................................. p. 370
Old Spanish Ballad ............................................................................................................................ p. 383
Inscription for a Tablet near the Arrabida Convent, from Francisco Manuel .................................... p. 469
Musings after visiting the Convent of Arrabida ................................................................................. p. 476
Extracts from the Caramuru .............................................................................................................. p. 488
Sonnet from the French of Madame Montreuil .................................................................................. p. 502
Epitaph on D. Joaon de Castro, from the Latin .................................................................................. p. 516
The Dancing Bear, by Yriarte ............................................................................................................ p. 549


PREFÁCIO

In the following letters I have related what I have seen. Of the anecdotes with which they abound, there are none of wich I myself doubt the authenticity. There are no disquisitions on commerce and politics; I have given facts, and the Reader may comment for himself.

My poetical imitations are made with freedom, but I have always done justice to the originals by annexing them. The want of proper types obliged me to adopt in the Portugueze the improvement of the Spanish Academy, and change the c subscribed into z. Where I have copied from early writers, the early spelling is preserved.

The journal of my road is minute: - this minuteness will be useful to those who may travel the same way, and pleasant to such as are already acquainted with it.

I have represented things as they appeared to me. If any one better informed than I am should find me erroneous, I shall beg him to apply this story:

A friend of mine landed at Falmouth with a Russian who had never before been in England. They travelled together to Exeter; on the way the Russian saw a directing-post, of which the inscription was effaced. "I did not think till now (said he) that you erected Crucifixes in England". His companion rectified the error, and seeing close by in the waggon direction, "take off here", he added - "Had you returned home with this mistake, you would have said not only that the English erected Crosses by the way-side, but that stones were placed telling the passenger where to take off his hat, and where it was permitted him to put it on again".


POEMAS ESCRITOS APÓS A VIAGEM

RETROSPECTIVE MUSINGS

Written January 15, 1797

SPAIN! Still my mind delights to picture
forth
They scenes that I shall see no more, for there
Most pleasant were my wanderings. Memory's
eye
Still loves to trace the gentle Minho's course,
And catch it's winding waters gleaming bright
Amid the broken distance. I review
Leon's wild wastes and heights precipitous,
Seen with strange feelings of delight and dread
As the snow mules along the perilous brink
Passed patient; and Galicia's giant rocks
And mountains clustered with the fruitful pines,
Whose heads, dark-foliaged when all else was
him,
Rose o'er the distant eminence distinct
Cresting
Cresting the evening sky. The rain falls thick,
And damp and heavy is the unwbolesome air;
I by the cheerful hearth remember Spain,
And tread with Fancy once again the ways
Where, twelve months since, I travelled on, and
thought
Of England, and of all my heart held dear,
And wish'd this day were come. The mists of
morn.
(I well remember) hovered o'er the heath,
When with the earliest dawn of day we left
The solitary Venta. Soon the Sun
Rose in his glory: feattered by the breeze
The thin mists roll'd away, and now emerged
We saw where Oropesa's castled hill
Towered in the dim light dark; and now we pall
Torralva's quiet huts, and on our way
Paus'd frequent, and look'd back, and gazed
around,
Then journeyed on, and paused, and gazed again.
It was a goodly scene. The stately pile
Of Oropesa now with all its towers
Shone in the sun-beam; half way up the hill,
Embowered in olives, like the abode of Peace,
Lay Lagartina; and the cool fresh gale
Bending the young corn on the gradual slope
Play'd
Play'd o'er its varying verdure. I beheld
A Convent near, and my heart thought that they
Who did inhabit there were holy men,
For, as they look'd around them, all they saw
Was very good.

But, when the eve came on,
How did the lovely landscape fill my heart!
The near ascent arose with little rocks
Varied, and trees: the vale was wooded well
With oaks now cheerful in their wintry leaves,
And ancient cork-trees thro' their wrinkled barks
Bursting, and the rich olive * underneath
Whose blessed shade the green herb greener grows
And fuller is the harvest: many a stream
That from the neighbouring hill descended clear
Wound vocal thro' the valley: the church tower
Marking the heaven near of that day's toil,
Rose o'er the wood. But still the charmed eye
Dwelt lingering o'er Plasencia's fertile plain,
And loved to mark the bordering mountain's snow
Pale-purpled as the evening dim decayed.
The murmurs of the goat-herds scattered flock
Died on the quiet air, and failing slow
The
The heavy stork sought on the church-tower top
His ** fancy-hallowed nest. Oh pleasant scenes!
With deep delight I saw you, yet my heart
Sunk in me as the frequent thought would rise
That here was none to love me. Often still
I think of you, and Memory's mystic power
Bids me re-live the past; and I have traced
The fleeting visions ere her mystic power
Wax weak, and on the feeble eye of Age
The saint-form'd scenes decay. Befits me now
Fix on Futurity the steady ken,
And tread with steady step the onward road.

* The olive has the remarkable property of fertilizing the soil it grows on.
** The stork is held sacred in Spain.


TABELA DAS DISTÂNCIAS

leagues
From Coruna to Betanzos ............................................................................................ 3 ½
Griteru ................................................................................................ 5
Bamonde ............................................................................................ 2
Ravadi ................................................................................................ 2
Lugo ................................................................................................... 2
St. Juan de Corbo ............................................................................... 2 ½
Marillas ............................................................................................... 3
Lugares .............................................................................................. 3
Castro ................................................................................................. 2
Herrerias ............................................................................................. 3 ½
Villa Franca ......................................................................................... 3 ½
Carcabalos .......................................................................................... 1
Ponferrada .......................................................................................... 3
St. Miguel de las Duenas ...................................................................... 1 ½
Benveveria ........................................................................................... 2 ½
Manzanar ............................................................................................. 3
Astorga ................................................................................................ 4
Baneza ................................................................................................. 4
Puente de Bifana .................................................................................. 3
Benevente ............................................................................................. 3 ½
Villalpando ............................................................................................. 5
Villar de Frades ..................................................................................... 4
Vega del Toro ........................................................................................ 2
Vega de Valdetroncos .......................................................................... 1
Tordesillas ............................................................................................. 2
Ruada ................................................................................................... 2
Medina del Campo ................................................................................ 2
Artequines ........................................................................................... 3
Aribaio .................................................................................................. 3
Espinosa .............................................................................................. 1 ½
Labajos ................................................................................................ 4
Villa Castin ........................................................................................... 2
Funda San Rafael ................................................................................ 3
Guadarama .......................................................................................... 2
Escurial to the right .............................................................................. 1
Las Rosas ........................................................................................... 4
Madrid ................................................................................................... 3

From Madrid to Mostoles ................................................................................................ 3
Naval Carnero ....................................................................................... 2 ½
Casarubios ............................................................................................ 2
Santa Cruz ............................................................................................. 3
Chrismunda ............................................................................................ 1
Maqueda ................................................................................................ 1
Santa Olalla ............................................................................................ 1
Bravo ..................................................................................................... 2
Puente del Alverche ............................................................................... 3
Talaveyra de la Reyna ........................................................................... 1
Venta de Peralbanegas .......................................................................... 4
Torralva .................................................................................................. 1
Calzada de Oropesa .............................................................................. 2 ½
Naval Moral ............................................................................................. 4
Almaraz .................................................................................................. 3
Venta Nueva .......................................................................................... 1
Las Casas del Puerto ............................................................................. 1½
Jarayzejo ................................................................................................ 2
Truxillo .................................................................................................... 4
Puerto de Santa Cruz ............................................................................. 3
Miajadas ................................................................................................. 3
San Pedro ............................................................................................. 5
Merida .................................................................................................... 2
Lobon .................................................................................................... 3
Talavera la Real ..................................................................................... 2
Badajos ................................................................................................. 3
________
Elvas ..................................................................................................... 3
Venta de la Ponte ................................................................................. 4 ½
Estremos .............................................................................................. 2
Venta del Duque ................................................................................... 3
Arroyolos .............................................................................................. 3
Montemor ............................................................................................... 3 ½
Ventas Silveyras ................................................................................... 1 ½
Ventas Novas ........................................................................................ 2
Ventas de Pagoens ............................................................................... 3
Atalaya .................................................................................................... 4 ½
Aldea Gallega .......................................................................................... ½

- Lisbon is separated from Aldea Gallega by the Tagus. The distance is about 12 miles.
- The league is four miles English.

 Notas sobre o autor 

BIOGRAFIA

Robert Southey nasceu em Bristol, em 12 de Agosto de 1774, no seio de uma família da classe média.
Dos dois aos seis anos, Southey viveu com uma tia, Miss Tyler, que viria a ter influência no interesse de Southey por Portugal.
Aos seis anos, Southey deixou a casa da tia para ir viver com os pais, em Bristol. Nessa altura já tinha ouvido múltiplas referências a Portugal, sobretudo através do irmão de Miss Tyler, Herbert Hill (seu tio, portanto).
Estudou em Westminster, mas acabou por ser expulso devido às suas actividades anti-castigos corporais. Foi um período difícil da sua vida, agravado com a morte do pai.
Entra na Universidade, mas depressa de desilude com o tipo de ensino ministrado. Mais uma vez toma atitudes de confrontação com as regras estabelecidas.
Apercebendo-se de que não tinha vocação religiosa, Southey tenta a medicina, sem êxito - sempre apoiado por seu tio (o Rev. Hill), decide abandonar a Universidade.
Conheceu então Samuel T. Coleridge, concebendo um plano que consistia em emigrar para a América do Norte, e aí fundar uma sociedade ideal. Miss Tyler não tolera esta decisão do sobrinho, (que incluia o casamento com uma rapariga de condição humilde), e expulsa-o de casa.
A amizade com Coleridge esfria consideravelmente.
É nesta altura que o tio Hill lhe propõe uma viagem a Portugal e Espanha. Southey aceita, mas na altura do embarque encontra-se bastante deprimido. No entanto, resigna-se à sua situação e, enquanto permaneceu na Península, foi anotando impressões sobre o que ia vendo, nascendo assim a primeira obra que fala de Portugal: "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some account of Spanish and Portugueze poetry", cuja 1ª edição foj publicada em 1797.
Devido ao seu estado de espírito, Southey encontrou defeitos em quase tudo o que viu, e, por comparação, aprendeu a apreciar e a valorizar o seu país.
Após o regresso a Inglaterra, Southey, entretanto casado, passa de novo por dificuldades. Adoece e regressa a Portugal em busca da cura. Apesar da doença, Southey entrou em Portugal mais alegre e confiante, para além de viajar em companhia da mulher. O diário resultante desta viagem só foi descoberto em 1959, por Adolfo Cabral.
Esta estada em Portugal foi muito importante, já que Southey aprofundou os seus conhecimentos sobre a história, geografia, literatura e língua portuguesa. Adquiriu igualmente vários livros, a maior parte deles portugueses.
A partir daqui, Southey decide empreender o estudo da história e literatura peninsulares.
É, no entanto, obrigado a abandonar o país, devido às ameaças da guerra e da peste. Nesta altura, Southey preferia ficar em Portugal. Mas parte em Junho de 1801.
Em 1803 regressa a Greta Hall, onde acabou por se estabelecer até ao fim dos seus dias.
Começa a ter prestígio como homem de letras, passando, a partir de 1809, a colaborar na "The Quarterly Review", prova da sua vasta erudição.
A morte, em 1816, do seu único filho foi um golpe de que jamais se recompõs.
Em 1820 Oxford atribuiu-lhe o título de doutor "honoris causa"; em 1826 foi eleito membro do Parlamento, e nove anos mais tarde Sir Robert Peel ofereceu-lhe o título de Baronete. Southey recusa estas duas distinções.
Entretanto, a morte de uma outra filha leva a mulher à loucura e depois à morte. Apesar dos sucessivos desgostos, Southey encontra algum conforto num novo casamento com Caroline Bowles, amiga de longa data.
Faz uma viagem a França, mas precisamente nessa altura Southey começa a perder as suas capacidades mentais. Estes sintomas agravam-se rapidamente e deixa de reconhecer as pessoas e de ter a noção do que se passa à sua volta.
Morre em 21 de Março de 1843, sendo sepultado no cemitério de Crosthwaite, em Keswick.
A título de curiosidade, refira-se que Wordsworth e o genro, Edward Quillinan assistiram às cerimónias fúnebres, compondo cada um deles em poema evocativo do acontecimento.

 Bibliografia 
OBRAS DO AUTOR

1. LIVROS

- "Common-Place Book", edited by his son in law, John Wood Warter. London, Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, 1849-51, 4 series.
- "History of the Peninsular war". London, John Murray, 1823-1832, 3 vols.
- "Joan of Arc, an epic poem". Bristol, 1796.
- "Journal of a Tour in Scotland in 1819. With an introduction by C. H. Herford. London, John Murray, 1929.
- "Journals of a Residence in Portugal 1800-1801 and a visit to France 1838. Supplemented by extracts from his correspondence". Edited by Adolfo Cabral. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press, 1960.
- "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some account of Spanish and Portugueze Poetry". Bristol, printed by Bulgin and Rosser, for Joseph Cottle, and G. G. and J. Robinson, and Cadell and Davies, London, 1797.
- "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal". Second Edition. Bristol, printed by Biggs and Cottle, for T. N. Longman and O. Rees, London, 1799.
- "Letters written during a journey in Spain, and a short residence in Portugal". Third Edition, corrected and emended. London, printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, 1808, 2 vols..
- "The Poetical of R. Southey". Complete in one volume. Paris, published by A. and W. Gallignani, 1829.

2. ARTIGOS

- 'Collin's voyages to Portugal, Spain, Sicily, Malta, etc.' in "The Annual Review for 1807". London, printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, 1808, vol. VI, pp. 114-115.
- 'Inez' in "The Critical Review (2nd series)". London, printed for A. Hamilton, 1798 (March), vol. XXII, pp. 326-330.
- 'Life and writings of Camoens' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1822 (April), vol. XXVII, n.º 53, pp. 1-39.
- 'Link's Travels in Portugal, France and Spain' in "The Critical Review" (2nd series). London, printed by and for S. Hamilton, 1803 (June), vol. XXXVIII, pp. 157-168.
- 'Lisbon' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1825 (March), vol. XXXI, n.º 62, pp. 378-390.
- 'Lord Strangford's Poems from the Portuguese' in "The Annual Review for 1803". London, printed for T. N. Longman and O. Rees, 1804, vol. II, pp. 569-577.
- 'Murphy's «A General View of the State of Portugal»' in "The Critical Review" (2nd series). London, printed by and for S. Hamilton, 1778 (September), vol. XXIV, pp. 25-33.
- 'Observations on Mr. Mickle's «Lusiad», with the Portuguese criticism on that translation' in "The Monthly Magazine". London, printed for R. Phillips, 1796 (November), vol. II, pp. 787-789.
- 'On the poetry of Spain and Portugal' in "The Monthly Magazine". London, printed for R. Phillips, 1796 (July), vol. II, pp. 451-453; 1796 (October), vol. II, pp. 697-700; 1798 (April), vol. V, pp. 275-276.
- 'Political and Moral State of Portugal' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1829, vol. XLI, n.º 81 (July), pp. 184-226.
- 'Portugueze Literature' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1809 (May), vol. I, n.º 2, pp. 268-292.
- 'The Portugueze Observer' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1810, vol. IV, n.º 7 (August), p. 124.
- 'Remarks on Mickle's translation of the «Lusiad» (continued)' in "The Monthly Magazine". London, printed for R. Phillips, 1797 (August), vol. IV, pp. 98-100.
- 'Tracts on the Spanish and Portugueze Inquisitions' in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1811, vol. VI, n.º 12 (December), pp. 313-357.

3. CORRESPONDÊNCIA

BRAEKMAN, W., 'Letters by Robert Southey the Sir John Taylor Coleridge' in "Studia Germanica Gandensia". Gent., "Studia Germanica Gandensia", 1964, n.º 6, pp. 103-230.

CURRY, Kenneth (ed.), "New Letters of Robert Southey. Volume I: 1792-1810; Volume II: 1811-1838". New York and London, Columbia University Press, 1965.

DOWDEN, Edward (ed.), "The correspondence of Robert Southey with Caroline Bowles to which are added: correspondance with Shelley, and Southey's dreams". Dublin, Hodges, Figgis, & Co., London, Longmans, Green & Co., 1881.

KNIGHT, William (ed.), "Letters of the Wordsworth family from 1797 to 1855". Boston and London, Ginn & Company, Publishers, 1907, 3 vols.

KNIGHT, William (ed.), "Memorials of Coleorton, being letters from Coleridge, Wordsworth and his sister Southey and Sir Walter Scott to Sir George and Lady Beaumont of Coleorton, Leicestershire 1803 to 1834". Edinburgh, David Douglas, MDCCCLXXXVII [1887], 2 vols.

RAMOS, Charles (ed. e intr.), "The Letters of Robert Southey to John May 1797 to 1838". Austin, Jenkins Publishing company, The Pemberton Press, 1976.

ROBBERDS, L. W. (comp. e ed.), "A memoir of the life and writings of the late William Taylor of Norwich [...] containing his correspondance of many years with the late Robert Southey, Esq., and original letters from Sir Walter Scott, and other eminent literary men". London, John Murray, 1843, 2 vols.

SOUTHEY, Charles Cuthbert (ed.), "The life and correspondence of the late Robert Southey, edited by his son the Reverend____". London, Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, 1849-50, 6 vols.

WARTER, John Wood (ed.), "Selections from the Letters of Robert Southey, edited by his son-in-law". London, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1856, 4 vols.


OBRAS SOBRE O AUTOR

_____ [Artigo anónimo sobre a obra de Robert Southey] in "The Quarterly Review". London, John Murray, 1856 (Mars), vol. XCVIII, pp. 477-478.

BERNBAUM, Ernest, "Guide through the Romantic Movement". Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York, Ronald Press Co., [1949] (1st edition?).

BERNHARDT-KABISCH, "Ernest Robert Southey". Boston, Twayne Publishers, A Division of G. K. Hall & Co., Twayne's English Authors Series, 1977.

BETHAM, Ernest (ed.), "A House of Letters". London, Jarrold & sons, 1905.

BRAY, Anna Eliza, "Autobiography of ___" (born 1709 - died 1883). Edited by John A. Kempe. London, Chapman and Hall Ltd., 1884.

BROWNE, C. T., "Life of Robert Southey". London, Chapman and Hall, 1854.

BUTLER, Marilyn, "Romantics, Rebels and Reactionaries". English Literature and its Background 1760-1830. Oxford, New York, Toronto, Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 1981.

CABRAL, Adolfo de Oliveira, "Southey e Portugal: 1774-1801. Aspectos de uma biografia literária". Lisboa, P. Fernandes, S.A.R.L., 1959.

CANDEIAS, Alberto, "Portugal em alguns escritores ingleses". Lisboa, Seara Nova, Cadernos do "Seara Nova", 1946.

CARLYLE, Thomas, "Reminiscences by ___". Edited by James Anthony Fronde. London, Longmans, Green, and Co., 1881.

CARNALL, Geoffrey, "Robert Southey". London, published for the British Council and the National Book League by Longmans, Green & Co., Bibliographical Series of Supplements to "British Book News" on writers and their work, 1964.

CHEW, Samuel C. e ALTICK, Richard D., 'The Nineteenth Century and after' in "A Literary History of England". Edited by Albert C. Baugh. Second edition. London and Henley, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980 (1st edition 1948), vol. IV.

COLERIDGE, S. T., "Biographia Literaria, Sir Biographical Sketches of my literary life and opinions". Edited, with an introduction, by George Watson. London, Melbourne, Toronto, J. M. Dent & Sons, Everyman's Library, 1982 (1st ed. 1817).

COTTLE, Basil, "Robert Southey and Bristol". Bristol, Bristol Branch of the Historical Association - local history pamphlets, 1980.

COTTLE, Joseph, "Reminiscences of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Robert Southey". Highgate, Lime Tree Bower Press, 1970 (1st edition 1837).

CURRY, Kenneth, "Robert Southey: A reference guide". Boston, G. K. Hall & Co., 1977.

CURRY, Kenneth, "Southey". London and Boston, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Routledge Author Guides, 1975.

DAY, Martin S., "History of English Literature 1660-1837 - from the Restoration to the Romantic Era including summaries, biographies, analysis of literary trends, and cultural and historical background". New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., Doubleday College Course Guides, 1963.

DE QUINCEY, Thomas, "Recollections of the Lakes and the Lake Poets". Edited with an introduction by David Wright. Harmondsworth, Peng. Books, 1980 (1st edition, 1835-1840).

DENNIS, John, 'Robert Southey' in "Studies in English Literature". New Edition. London, Edward Stanford, 1883 (1st edition 1876), pp. 250-287.

DIAS, Maria Odila da Silva, "O Fardo do Homem Branco - Southey, historiador do Brasil (um estudo dos valores ideológicos do império do comércio livre)". S. Paulo, Companhia Editora Nacional, Col. Brasiliana, 1974.

DAICHES, David, "The Romantics to the Present Day". Second Edition. In "A Critical History of English History". London, Secker & Warburg, 1983 (1st edition 1960).

ELWIN, Malcolm, "The First Romantics", London, Macdonald & Co. (publishers), Ltd. 1947.

FAIRCHILD, Hoxie Neale, "The Noble Savage - A Study in Romantic Naturalism". New York, Columbia University Press, 1928.

FITZGERALD, Maurice, "In Memoriam Robert Southey. A sermon preached in Crosthwaite Church, on Sunday, August 15th", 1943.

FITZGERALD, Maurice, 'Southey's History of Portugal' in "The Times Literary Suplement", Saturday, October 30, 1937, p. 803.

FITZGERALD, Maurice, 'Southey's History of Portugal' in "The Times Literary Suplement", Saturday, April 24, 1943, p. 199.

HAYDEN, John Olin, "The Romantic Reviewers, 1802-1824". London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

HAZLITT, William, "The Spirit of the Age; or, Contemporary Portraits". London and Glasgow, Collins Publishers, 1969 (1st edition 1825).

HOPKINS, Hector Kenneth, "The Poets Laureate". London, The Bodley Head, 1954.

HOUTCHENS, C. W. and L. H. (eds.), "The English Romantic Poets and Essayists, A Review of Research and Criticism". New York, The Modern Language Association of America, 1957.

JACKSON, James Robert de Jager, 'Poetry of the Romantic Period' in "The Routledge History of English Poetry". London, Boston and Henley, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980, vol. 4.

JUROMENHA, Visconde de, "Obras de Luís de Camões precedidas de um ensaio biográfico no qual se relatam alguns factos não conhecidos da sua vida ???tadas com algumas composições inéditas do poeta pelo ____". Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional, 1860, vol. I.

KROEBER, Karl, "Romantic Narrative Art". Madison, The University of Miscousin Press, 1960.

LEÃO, Joaquim de Sousa, Filho, 'Em torno de Robert Southey' in "Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro". Rio de Janeiro, Imprensa Nacional, 1943 (Jan.-Março), vol. 178.

LEY, Charles David, 'Robert Southey and Portugal' in "The Anglo-Portuguese News - Southey Centenary Number", 25 de Março de 1943, n.º 188, pp. 4-5 e p. 10.

___ 'Life and works of Dr. Southey' in "The London Review". London, sold by Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., 1943, no. II (April), p. 182.

LIMA, Henrique de Campos Ferreira, 'Ainda Robert Southey e Portugal' in "The Anglo-Portuguese News", 29 de Abril de 1943, n.º 193, p. 8 e p. 11.

MADDEN, Lionel (ed.), "Robert Southey - the Critical Heritage". London and Boston, Routledge & Kegan Paul, The Critical Heritage Series, 1972.

PEARDON, Thomas Preston, 'The Transition in English Historical writing 1760-1830' in "Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, edited by the Faculty of Political Science of Columbia University". New York, Columbia University Press / London, P.S. King & son, ed., 1933.

PEERS, Edgar Allison, "A History of the Romantic Monument in Spain". New York and London, Hafner Publishing Company, 1964, 2 vols.

RAIMOND, Jean Robert Southey, "L'homme et son temps. L'oeuvre-le rôle". Paris, Didier, Études Anglaises, 1968.

___ [Recensão a "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some account of Spanish and Portuguese Poetry". 1797] in the "Monthly Mirror". Second Edition. London, printed for the proprietors, ... and published by Vernor and Hood, s.d., vol. IV (for July 1797), p. 97.

___ [Recensão a "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some account of Spanish and Portuguese Poetry". MDCCXCVIII [sic]] in "The New Annual Register for the year 1797". London, printed for G. G. and J. Robinson, MDCCXCVIII [1798], vol. XVIII, p. 276.

___ [Recensão ao vol. I de "History of the Peninsular War"] in "The Monthly Censor". London, printed for G. & W. B. Whittaker, MDCCCXXIII [1823] (March), vol. II, n.º 20, pp. 278-292.

RENWICK, W. L., 'English Literature 1789-1815' in "Oxford History of English Literature". Oxford, at The Clarendon Press, 1963.

SAINTSBURY, George, "The Collected Essays and Pafers 1875-1920". London & Toronto, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., New York, E. P. Dutton & Co., 1923, vol. I.

SAINTSBURY, George, 'Southey - Lesser Poets of the later Eighteenth Century' in "The Cambridge History of English Literature". Edited by Sir A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. Cambridge, at the University Press, 1970 (1st edition 1907), vol. XI, pp. 153-180.

SILVA, Inocêncio F. da, 'Os Philo-Portuguezes' in "O Panorama - Semanário de Litteratura e Instrucção". Lisboa, Typographia Franco-Portugueza, 1866, vol. XVI, Primeiro da Quinta Série, pp. 4-5; pp. 14-15; pp. 22-23; pp. 42-43; pp. 87-88.

SIMMONS, Jack, "Southey". London, Collins, 1945.

___, 'Southey Ends His Song' in "The Times Literary Supplement", Friday, April 1, 1960, p. 208.

___, 'Southey's Letters' [Recensão a "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some Account of Spanish and Portugueze Poetry. 1797], in "The Critical Review (new series). London, printed for A. Hamilton, 1797, vol. XX, pp. 378-384.

___, 'Southey's Letters in Spain, & C.' [Recensão a "Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some account of Spanish and Portugueze Poetry. 1797], in "The British Critic". London, printed for T. and C. Rivington, MDCCXCVIII [1798], vol. XI (for January, February, March, April, May, June), pp. 362-367.

STEPHEN, Leslie Sir, 'Southey's Letters' in "Studies of a Biographer". London, Duckworth & Co., 1898-1902, 4 vols.

STONYK, Margaret, 'Nineteenth-century English Literature' in "Macmillan History of Literature". London, Macmillan Press, 1983.

SYMONS, Arthur William, "The Romantic Movement in English Poetry". London, Archibald Constable & Co., Ltd., 1909.

TUCKERMAN, Henry F., "Mental Portraits; or, studies of character". London, Richard Bentley, 1853.

WEST, S. George, 'Robert Southey, the Rev. Herbert Hill and the Bishop of Beja' in "Nineth Annual Report & Review of the Historical Association", Lisbon Branch. Lisbon, 1945, pp. 551-558.

WHALLEY, George, "The Bristol Library Borrowings of Southey and Coleridge 1793-98". London, The Bibliographical Society, 1949.

WRIGHT, Herbert G., 'Three Aspects of Southey' in "The Review of English Studies - A Quarterly Journal of English Literature and the English Language", edited by R. B. Mckerrow. London, Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd., 1933, vol. IX, n.º 33 (January), pp. 40-46.

 Palavras-chave 

Alimentação
Cozinhados; Refeição;

Alojamento
Comparação entre as estalagens portuguesas e espanholas;

Arte e Monumentos
Aqueduto; Castelos de Belém e S. Julião; Castelo de Palmela; Chafariz; Cruz de pedra; Estátua equestre de D. José I [Lisboa]; Mosaicos [Lisboa]; Palácio de Sintra; Palácios;

Classes Sociais
Generalidades; Clero; Conde Ribeira; Conde Tarouca; Nobreza;

Clima
Bom tempo; Chuva / mau tempo; Mau tempo;

Conclusões


Costumes
Cemitérios; Generalidades; Crueldade para com os animais; Erros judiciais; Execuções; Funeral; Funeral de um católico; Funerais; Roubos [Lisboa]; Provérbios;

Economia
Comércio interno; Estatística; População; Portugal; Relações luso-brasileiras; Tratado de Methuen;

Espanhóis
Impressões de Espanha; Relações luso-espanholas; Superioridade de Espanha;

Estradas
para Elvas; Venta da Ponte [Estremoz];

Família Real
D. Maria I; Reis de Portugal: D. João IV / D. Pedro II;

Fauna
Generalidades; Sapos;

Flora
Generalidades; Flores;

Fortificações
Generalidades [Elvas]; Fortificações [Estremoz];

Geografia
Rios / Ribeiros; Rios;

Governo
Corte; Governantes – Marquês de Pombal; Generalidades;

Habitação
Chaminé; Quintas;

Ilustrações


Itinerário


Jardins
Jardim botânico; “Jardim Zoológico”; Generalidades; Jardins da Penha Verde;

Justiça
Leis;

Línguas
Língua portuguesa;

Lisboa
Fauna; Habitantes; Higiene pública; Igreja patriarcal; Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Livramento; Igreja de S. Roque; Iluminação; Incêndios; Mercado / provisões; Museus; Origem do nome / fundação; Palácios; Perigos; Procissões; Reconstrução; Sujidade; Terramoto;

Literatura
António José da Silva; Camões; Padre António Vieira; Poetas portugueses;

Meios de transporte
Barco; Generalidades; Burros; Mulas – transporte;

Moeda
Sistema monetário;

Mulheres
Beleza; Educação; Superioridade das mulheres;

Música
Generalidades;

Obras mencionadas pelo autor
Generalidades;

Ópera
Ópera italiana;

Paisagem
Generalidades; Arrábida; Arredores de Lisboa; Brancanaz; de Cintra; Montemor; Palmela;

Portugueses
Indolência portuguesa; Aspecto; Carácter; Beldade; Nobres; S. Donna Maria de Carnide; Teimosia;

Povoações
Elvas; Setúbal; Sintra; Ventas Silveyras;

Relações Portugal - Inglaterra
Influência inglesa; Relações Anglo-Portuguesas;

Religião
Bispos; Cónego da Cruz; Convento da Arrábida; Convento da Cortiça; Convento da Graça; Convento da Penha; Convento de Brancanaz; Convento de Mafra; Convento de Nossa Senhora da Arrábida; Costumes religiosos; Crenças / promessas; Fanatismo religioso; Frades; Igrejas; Inquisição; Judeus; Luteranos; Monges; Ordem da Divina Providência; Ordem de St. Bridget; Ordem franciscana; Padres; Conventos; Sagrada escritura; Santo António; Segunda-feira de Páscoa; Sexta-feira Santa; Superstições [Lisboa]; Templários;

Saúde
Medicina;

Teatros
Termas;

Termos não traduzidos


Vinicultura
Vinhos;

 

< Voltar ao resultado | Nova pesquisa >

 

 

 

^ Topo
© CETAPS, 2017
Avenida de Berna, 26-C, 1069-061 Lisboa